By OldRajans NA on
6/16/2009 9:53 PM
The Sinhalese kings did not need to build fortresses and towers of defence. There were the cold and colourful valleys surrounded by hills, watered by sparkling streams amidst rambling wild roses and morning glory. The kings fled into any of these armoured palaces and the enemies were beaten in the passes. Hanguranketa was one of these natural fortresses of defence.Kandy was the greatest natural fortress. It was guarded all along the way. No invader could guess where the danger lay. Wisely, therefore, he decided to turn back and go.The last kings stayed here until the glory of Lanka vanished. Kandy remained closed up and unchanged all through the years. It was guarded by custom and tradition.Though Kandy is less than Seventy five miles from Colombo, outsiders seldom went there to stay. They preferred the freedom of the low country.Like the people the arts and crafts of Kandy remained unchanged, too. The silver and the brass work continued to be the same. The laquer work and the mat weaving saw no change. Thin, dim-sighted men with spectacles on their noses would sit down at their work-desks and beat into shape, silver, copper and brass vessels and vases, trays and scroll-cases with that precision known to the fine artist. The dull hammer blows resounded through the centuries like a wood pecker’s serenade and they are still heard in the same key, in the same unerring tempo in the low huts in the hills. But the artisan has been always a poor man, for , his traditional way of working is slow and primitive. Thus untouched by change Kandy has come down the years with its customs, manners, rituals of marriage, death and worship. It has its own laws still.Kandy’s traditional Perahera is one of its magnificent manifestations, a momentary transformation of the old, majestic city, a splendid rehearsal of its past glory, when its dead kings and courtiers rise from their ashes and start along the torch –lit streets keeping time with the throbbing drums. When the gorgeous pageantry is over they walk back in to the night and melt...
By OldRajans NA on
6/16/2009 9:52 PM
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is an English naturalist. While a student at Cambridge met a Botanist through whom he won appointment as naturalist on the Beagle on surveying expedition to southern islands, South American coasts and Australia (1831-1836).
He published journal of researches into the geology and natural history of the various countries visited by H.M.S. Beagle, 1832-1836. Observations on volcanic islands (1844), Geological society (1838-1841) studied variation in living and fossil barnacles (1846-1854); Sir Charles Lyell induced him to write out (1856) results of his experiments in inbreeding and his theory of evolution by natural selection (first given written shape, 1842); received (1858) manuscript from Alfred Russel Wallace from the Malay archipelago presenting an abstract of an identical theory of natural selection; published Wallace’s essay along with his own 1844 essay (1858).
Published on the origin of species by means of natural selection(1859),a rousing a storm of controversy ; the variation of animals and plants under domestication, setting up provisional hypothesis of pangenesis (1868);The descent of man and selection in relation to sex, deriving the human race from an animal of the anthropoid group(1871); The expression of the emotions in man and animals(1872):a series of supplemental treatises on cross-fertilization and self – fertilization , ecology, climbing plants, etc.
Reference: Quammen, D (2009): Darwin's First Clues, National Geographic, Vol 215 No 2, 34-55.
Name: Abheetha Ekanayake
Dharmaraja College, Kandy.
By OldRajans NA on
6/14/2009 9:55 PM
Since the day the universe was created human needs have been changing.Today the evolution is on a steady path. Improvements in communication has been a common need of the man during the last decade.As a result, the information communiction technology (ICT) has influenced economy of SriLanka.
Today in our country transactions of money in banks are easily done due to inflence of ICT.This method is known as e-banking.Through ATM networks, we can easily do the transactons. Credit cards too play a prominent part of economy.
ICT has influenced the business world greatly. Businessman uses internet for advertising and selling their products.This method is very effective than the methods used earler.Sri lanka should use ICT furthet to develop its economy.
Name: Uvindu Chandrasiri
Dharmaraja College Kandy
By OldRajans NA on
6/1/2009 9:57 PM
A mobile phone is a wireless phone which transmits and receives signals via communication satellites from towers. It is a bit expensive thing. But it serves the majority. Especially the entrepreneurs. It is portable. That is why it is called a mobile phone.
It has many functions. The mobile phone not only help in voice communication but also help to send and receive text messages. That is called SMS (Short Message Service). And also it has CLI features (Caller Line Identification) which helps to identify the caller and record the call with time and date.
In addition, some mobile phones have the ability to take still photographs, video coverage, different tones for different callers, access to radio, television and internet. According to the modern world these are developing day by day. But any way these phones become expensive and essential thing.
Dharmaraja College, Kandy
By OldRajans NA on
5/30/2009 10:04 PM
Sri Lanka which is called “the pearl in the Indian Ocean”is a very popular tourist paradise in the world. It is a country with a proud History that goes back more than 2500 years. As Sri Lankans we have that pride and consider us lucky to live in a place like this. Not only the historical background and historical sites, it’s a lovely place with remarkable geographical locations with panoramic sights. Tourists come to Sri Lanka for holidays and sightseeing.This tourist attraction in our country includes; ancient ruins, waterfalls, world heritage forests, botanical gardens and Sandy beaches.The ruins represent our great and proud History which shows the different periods of past kings. Tourists who are interested in History, sculpture, paintings and other arts visit them.There are also colorful religious festivals in our country. The “Kandy Perahara” is one of the most attractive events with traditional Kandyan dancers, drum beaters especially elephants, that fascinate the tourists.National Parks and Forests also pay a key role in this industry.Yala, Wipattu , Wasgamuwa,Bird Sanctuary and the World Heritage site the Sinharaja Rain Forest; are some of these natural parks. Tourists who are interested on wild life, nature, bird watching visit these unique environments. Especially, animal lovers never forget to visit these parks.Spectacular sandy beaches around country are also a blessing to our motherland. Tourists who like swimming, sun bathing go to these sandy beaches. Coral gardens, a massive coral reef in Hikkaduwa , is another major attraction.There is also a world popular palace which shows the architectural skills of our ancient ancestors. It’s the Rock Fortress “Sigiriya” , that is famous for the Sigiriya paintings.All these beautiful festivals and places are the main parts of this industry. Tourism brings a lot of foreign exchange to our country. Also it provides thousands of jobs to our people.Therefore, it’s the duty of the government to develop and provide infrastructural facilities to strengthen this industry....